Dipotassium phosphate (DKP), also known as dibasic potassium phosphate, potassium phosphate dibasic, dipotassium hydrogen orthophosphate, dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, is a highly water-soluble salt that is commonly used as a food additive, fertilizer, and buffering agent. It has the chemical formula – K2HPO4.
Phosphate is a charged particle which contains the mineral phosphorus. The human body requires phosphorus to repair and build teeth and bones, make muscles contract, and help nerves function.
Moreover, phosphate is used as a building block for numerous essential substances, including those utilized by the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or cell membranes.
Also, it plays a major role in the production of ATP (adenosine triphosphate), better known as the “molecular unit of currency,” a high-energy molecule that you need for energy.
It can be utilized in a broad variety of industries, such as – beverage, food production, and many other industries.
Increasing use of dipotassium phosphates in coffee creamers (recently found in some McDonald’s products) as a soluble buffer is expected to significantly drive the production sales of the phosphate.
It is used mainly by weightlifters and endurance athletes since it helps to build endurance while allowing a faster recovery between training sessions. It is recommended to use it if you plan to train nonstop for minimum half an hour.
Note – for high energy levels, it is better to eat foods high in phosphorus such as – white beans, sunflower seeds, almonds, mung beans, brown rice, broccoli, sweet potatoes, sesame seeds, potatoes, cauliflower, chia seeds, Brazil nuts, hazelnuts, cashews, pistachios, soybeans, lentils, adzuki beans, chickpeas, or red kidney beans.
Furthermore, DKP is widely used as an anti-caking agent in numerous beverages. Anticaking agents function either by coating particles and making them water repellent or by absorbing excess moisture. Also, it is used in powdered food products, like – spices, instant soups, and salt.
As an anti-caking agent, this substance is also used in dry powder beverages and imitation dairy creamers to prevent coagulation. Moreover, it is used as a nutrient source during yeast production and other fermentation processes and as a mineral supplement for pharmaceuticals.
Lastly, it is used in cheese, coffee creamer, meat processing, and evaporated milk. Sometimes, it performs the role of humectants (or moisturizers), hence, preventing food from drying. Usual foods include drinking chocolate, cooked and other cured meats, and cream powders.
This substance can also be found in multivitamins and minerals supplements in various forms to accommodate recommended and needed dietary value of 700-750 milligrams per day for adults.
Similar to phosphoric acid, this compound is used in the production of detergents and fertilizers, and a few pharmaceutical products.
Is It Vegan-Friendly?
Yes, since it is produced using ingredients suitable for the vegan diet.